Know Your Chickens is a free resource dedicated to teaching backyard chicken owners more about their flock. In addition, Silkies have notably poor eyesight compared to most other breeds. When Do Chickens Start Laying Eggs? Silkie chickens also grow feathers all the way down their legs, another distinguishing feature of the breed. Sign up to be on our email list, The standards of perfection call for all Silkies. They will always breed true to those three colors. Therefore, it’s not wise to raise Silkies solely for egg production, as you will likely be disappointed. WE COLLECT NO PERSONALLY IDENTIFIABLE DATA ON OR FROM OUR VISITORS. Because Silkies are excellent mothers, they are often raised to rear the offspring of other birds, including ducks, geese, and other chicken breeds. The exact amount of eggs you receive from your SIlkie chicken will vary depending on the conditions in which it is living, as well as on the individual bird. Their feathers lack functioning barbicels, and are thus similar to down on other birds. This can lead to some health issues. Silkie chickens will go broody several times in one season, often spending several months of the year sitting on a nest of eggs. There are several different color varieties in Silkies, such as black, blue, buff, grey, partridge, and white. WE ARE A PARTICIPANT IN THE AMAZON SERVICES LLC ASSOCIATES PROGRAM, AN AFFILIATE ADVERTISING PROGRAM DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A MEANS FOR US TO EARN FEES BY LINKING TO AMAZON AND AFFILIATED SITES.PRIVACY POLICY - THIS WEBSITES MAKES USE OF ANALYTICS, ADVERTISING AND AFFILIATE PROGRAMS WHICH USE COOKIES. Bearded Silkies will typically have an extra muff of feathers under the beak area. Buffs is one of my favourite colored silkie varieties. You may get a few curious glances from your neighbors  – you may even have some people who don’t believe your Silkies are actually chickens! IMO, there are none yet although a few breeders are getting very close. Silkie chickens lay moderate amounts of eggs each year. Occasionally, you may need to lightly groom your SIlkie chicken to make sure he or she can see and get around without any issues. We publish weekly guides and articles written by experienced chicken enthusiasts! Years of work and development were needed, crossing back to silkies to improve type and keep the colour. After the eggs hatch, Silkie mothers are regarded as being attentive mothers, caring for their young long after they have grown. This toe is on the back of a leg and looks not unlike the dewclaw on a dog. The dominant white gene needs to be introduced from another breed, such as white leghorn.Showgirls or naked neck silkies, usually know as Showgirls, are not currently an official silkie variety in the ABA, or APA standards. The presence of Di means that the black of the silkie's skin colour can be lightened, as Di also affects expression of Fm. Silkie is a breed of chicken named for its atypically fluffy plumage, which is said to feel like silk. It was recognized officially in North America in 1874, rising to popularity quite rapidly in the States. As a breeder or a buyer of a Silkie chicken, you can lightly pluck the feathers away from the Silkie’s face to help it see better. You need to be careful about keeping your Silkie chicken in an aggressive flock. One of the most distinguishing features of the Silkie chicken is the muff of ear feathers and beard that each of these chickens possesses. It has been compared to silk, and to fur. Usually kept as ornamental or pet chickens, they are also fantastic mothers and can be used to hatch the eggs of other chickens and poultry breeds. My 'at-a-glance' guide describes this loveable breed, and what you need to provide if you're going to live together in harmony. This can prove to be an issue with predators, however, as Silkies really fall instead of fly and may have a hard time getting away from a potential attacker. Male have two Z sex chromosomes and the female has one Z and one W sex chromosome. Buff to Blue- or Blue to Blue Cream. You may have to wait until spring has really set in to move your birds. Provide them with plenty of nutritious food and clean, fresh water. We have shown our buffs during the fall season and have done well at shows. Marco Polo first wrote about a “furry chicken” breed in the recount of his 13th-century Asian travels, with the first naturalist account of the chicken published in 1598 by Ulisse Aldrovandi. It may be best to avoid keeping a Silkie chicken in a mixed flock, as this can cause some dominance issues. You can easily keep them in a chicken run or a backyard with a low fence. For example, blue to buff would give you chicks that could run anywhere from blue to buff but mostly be a mix of the two colors which is not a recognized color. Breed Varieties. They often burrow on the floor instead of perching on a roost, so you’ll want to give them extra space for this, too. These can sometimes be difficult to see against the dark skin of the breed. If you have children, a Silkie chicken is one to consider, because it will get along well with children of all dispositions. There are bantam and non-bantam types of Silkie. There are two types of Silkies, bearded and nonbearded Silkies. In Australia, silkies tend to be c/c, or... Black Silkies:. Occasionally one of your color pens which are not partridge will produce a … When you purchase paints from me you will most likely get the 3 colors but that is not guaranteed. Barred females can only have 1 copy of the barred gene while barred males can have 2 copies of the barred gene.Barring is defined by "B" which resides on the Z chromosome. Luckily, Silkies are easy to handle and manage, so it won’t take a lot of effort on your part to catch them. Otherwise, this chicken breed is one of the eaisest and most enjoyable you can raise. Roosters get a bit of gold or silver in their hackles at about 1.5 years of age as they are rarely on extended black. Varieties of Silkie Chicken Breed: Silkie chickens are categorized according to color. Black Paint and white Paint when bred together all three still produce paints. You can also pint he crest back using a hair or zip tie. If you’re interested in raising a Silkie chicken, know that there isn’t much you need to do in order to keep them happy and healthy. It is sometimes desirable to cross a silkie male with a flock of other broody bantams like Light Sussex or Barnevelder to produce a cross breed that is still a good broody and mother. They have bright turquoise earlobes, too. this unique feathering. Then, you can move them to a brooder that is well-stocked with water, chick feed, and a good heat lamp. While there are many benefits associated with raising Silkie chickens, there are also some challenges to be aware of. The British Poultry Standard of Perfection officially acknowledged Silkies is 1865 while the American Poultry Association accepted Silkies in 1874. These pets are docile and friendly and are more than happy to live in confinement. Self Blue is NOT blue.. There is no barring gene on the W chromosome so females can have only one. Silkies are remarkably friendly, universally recognized for their calm dispositions. Giving them lots of space to clean themselves can help reduce the amount of debris they produce. Advantages of Silkie Chicken Breed: They are most Beautiful birds. Some Silkies will lay an egg each day of the year, while others might only lay once a week. I get numerous requests from people looking for pullets, however, the key to breeding all cuckoos is the male. Beneath this top crest, they will have a vaulted skull that gives them a vulnerable spot at the base of the head. If you are hatching your own SIlkie chicks, leave them in the incubator until they have fully dried. Usually, bantam Silkies will weigh about half the normal weight of a typical chicken, and their eggs will be about a third smaller than normal eggs. Buff to Black - Buff silkies should be a lovely even shade of orange / gold. READ THE FULL DISCLAIMER.GDPR - THIS SITE DOES NOT COLLECT OR STORE ANY INFORMATION. The Silkie chicken breed is one of the most bizarre breeds of chickens, offering backyard chicken keepers entertaining personalities, sweet temperaments, and gorgeous appearances to boot. This will allow them to soak up the sun and nibble on grass and bugs. Beneath their feathers, they are unique from other breeds in that they have black skin and bones. Because Silkie chickens are so docile and friendly, this, unfortunately, leads to them being bullied frequently by other breeds. Because the feathers of a Silkie extend all the way down to its feet, you need to be careful if you are keeping your flock in a wet or cold area. Silkie chickens are exactly as they look - funny, cuddly and very kind. They do come in bantam size also with weights being 36oz and 32oz respectively. You can find standard-sized Silkies in Europe and other locations, but unfortunately, they just aren’t commonplace in the States quite yet. Bearded Silkie Chicken Colours and Pictures Silkie Chickens come in many colour variations and Pipinchick Poultry stock them all with 13 colours of Bearded Silkies to choose from including Lemon Meringue, Gold, Blue, Partridge, Porcelain to traditional White. White Silkie colour genetics - c/c or I/I on any other colour. In fact, these birds are often raised as pets. This is because the meat has a richer, gamier flavor than the meat of other chicken breeds, and it is also a little bit darker. I get numerous requests from people looking for "show quality" cuckoo silkies. Make sure they have plenty of cold water and shade when the mercury rises. The breed has several other unique qualities, such as dark blue flesh and bones, blue earlobes, and five toes on each foot.. Chicken Diapers: Should You Really Use Them on Your Chickens? Make sure you keep their living area clean at all times and also provide a dry roost for sleeping. The barring gene is on the long chromosome and not the short one, so therefore a female can have only one copy of the barring gene (always). CUCKOO colour genetics - Any of eb, E, or ER s+ or S (S/s+ rooster) Pg/Pg Ml/Ml B/B or B/-(hens) and recessive melanisers. This is a cross between a Turken and a Silkie. Generally, Silkies found in North America only grow to about eight to fourteen inches tall and will weigh around four pounds at most. This means that they are miniature versions of standard-sized chickens. This year I am focusing on the black variety. Silkies also like to be given lots of dust to bathe in. The Silkie breed is fairly resistant to the cold but are very sensitive to high temperatures. Silkie chickens for sale at californiahatchery.com! A male with 2 copies is represented as (B,B).A male with one copy is represented as (B, b+) where lower case b+ indicates a lack of the barring gene. OK- Splash is a really complicated color because it's actually created by a modifier on the black color gene. Blue Silkie Breeding. " They are fluffy, they are quirky, and they are definitely unique! If your SIlkie chicken goes broody, the easiest way to deal with this is to simply allow her to do so. These usually grow quite long and curl around their faces. If your Silkie is a REAL white (which is a recessive gene in most breeds) and not simply an unmarked splash, you will not be able to breed a splash colored bird from her at all as she will not carry the gene or the modifier. This tooth falls off a few days after hatching. In addition, because the feathers on a Silkie chicken are not like those of other chickens and are more similar to a down material, these birds don’t do well in wet climates. For reasons already mentioned, a Silkie chicken will not fight back if it enters into a spat, and the soft spot at the top of its head makes it vulnerable to attacks. Buy freshly milled organic chicken feed shipped direct from the fields of the midwest. birds. Bearded Silkies have a muff around their faces. A. The color is highly dependant on the variety however. They are an ornamental chicken. Currently, the obvious faults and areas of improvement are: red combs, light skin colouring, light eyes, overall type and confirmation.Cuckoos are a fun gene to work with. Providing your Silkie chickens with more space is definitely advised, as too little room can cause the birds to pick on each other. This year I am focusing on the black variety. But they're not suitable for every kind of climate. The same rule applies to snow – although this breed can withstand the cold, wet precipitation of any kind is a major problem. The offspring are then bred back to a silkie for several generations to acquire a silkie chicken with a necked neck. There are several benefits to raising Silkie Popular in circus and carnival freak shows, these chickens were once believed to have actual mammalian fur, too. Meaning that depending of how it is bred, you can tell males from females. Due to its unique appearance, the Silkie chicken is surrounded by some interesting folklore. There are some other colors, like Red, Splash, Cuckoo and Lavender. The underscore indicates her short chromosome lacks the location of that gene.When a barred female (B,_) is crossed with a non-barred male, (b+, b+) results in all the male offspring being barred and the females are non-barred. If you are gentle, neither of these behaviors will harm the feathers of the bird. Generally, Silkies lay a white to cream colored egg. This can cause some serious damage or even death if your chicken finds itself among other aggressive chickens who want to peck the top of its head. These chicks are also from my Paint Silkie and white Silkie hens. Today, the Silkie chicken is one of the most ubiquitous and iconic breeds of chicken commonly kept on homesteads and family farms. WE DO NOT ACCEPT ANY LIABILITY ARISING FORM SUCH ERRORS, OMISSIONS, LOST OF DATA, INTERRUPTIONS OR DELAYS OR ANY ONGOING OBLIGATION OR RESPONSIBILITY TO OPERATE THIS WEBSITE OR IN THE PROVISION OF ITS SERVICES. Silkies have very dark skin and bones, which makes them un-appetising as a dinner entree to most folks. of the biggest challenges involved in raising SIlkies: In some cases, they may take a little bit longer if you are using a broody hen or even an unreliable incubatorto hatch your eggs. This is also called a double mating system where one pen is used for breeding males and another pen is used for breeding females. How many colors of Silkies are there? Take a look at the white Silkie in depth. All chickens produce dust as they grow out their feathers, with the shafts flaking off as the feathers grow out. White Silkies:. On eb based buffs its very hard to breed out the black, while on eWh the birds can tend to be white under colour. The comb coloring should be black or dark mulberry – any other color and it is not a pure Silkie.They have oval shaped turquoise blue earlobes and dark colored wattles. The female has one long chromosome and one short chromosome. Silkies aren’t the only chicken breed to exhibit this unique quality – other breeds like Sultans, Faverolles, and Dorking chickens also have this characteristic. Red Silkie colour genetics - BANTAM eb/eb s+/s+ Pg/Pg Mh/Mh Db/Db or Db/db+ and recessive black. READ OUR FULL PRIVACY POLICY.DISCLAIMER - I MAKE EVERY EFFORT TO ENSURE THE INFORMATION ON THIS SITE IS ACCURATE, MAINTAINED TO A HIGH STANDARD AND UP TO DATE. Please seek advice from a certified veterinarian in a case of emergency. This section explores the personality, broodiness, and temperament of Silkie chickens. While this was largely regarded as folklore for many years, the Ministry of Education at Nanchang University recently conducted a study that measured the quantities of naturally-occurring peptides in this breed as compared to other popular breeds of chicken. Take a look at the white Silkie in depth. If a comb is present, it should look like a ‘walnut’, being almost circular in appearance. KnowYourChickens.com does not intend to provide veterinary advice. With the basic black to start with, we have the following: So if you have two Andalusian Blue's and breed them together, you should get: If you breed an Andalusian Blue x Splash, you would get. Most white silkies have the recessive white gene instead of the dominant white gene. They will be nice and fluffy by the time they are ready to be moved. Paints do get pigment holes (this is … Silkie.org is supported by its readers. Egg and meat yields are a few of the main reasons that people keep chickens (although they also make great pets). Silkie chickens are famous for their tendency to go broody. Silkies are most certainly different in many ways to a ‘regular’ chicken appearance!The head should be crested, looking somewhat like a ‘pom-pom’ (similar to a polish chicken). I have only ever seen them in white. Unfortunately, although Silkies have the potential to lay an exceptional amount of eggs, their laying season is often cut short by their tendency to go broody. Silkies reach full size in about three or four months. Below: A Cuckoo Silkie. Paint Silkies produce 3 colors which are listed below. – These birds have the polydactyly gene, which means each one has an extra toe on each foot. Silkies also have beautiful turquoise blue ear lobes and 5 toes on their feet. There are several different color varieties of Silkies available. The content on this blog is not a substitute for veterinary advice. As a result, it is used in many traditional Asian dishes such as in curries, Chinese soup, braising recipes, broths, and more. Because their feathery crests and facial feathers can grow to obscure their eyes, you may need to take some extra care to help your chickens see better. ( Shh, they don't know they're another breed of chicken so don't mention it to them . ) Silkies don’t fly well, so you don’t need to worry about building an abnormally tall fence. Mendel’s law of inheritance, says each chick receives two genes, one from the mother and one from the father. Silkies are also unique in that their feathers do not have barbicels. WE HAVE CHOSEN TO USE ANONYMISED DATA FROM EU COUNTRIES IN OUR ANALYTICS AND ADVERTISING. What color eggs do Silkies lay? That's why the male cuckoo is so important. Color Varieties. Lavender or self blue Silkies: The lavender colour does not exist in silkies naturally, but has to be introduced by way of another breed. Therefore, you should provide a fully enclosed run that protects your birds from predators but also gives them plenty of space to run about. All be it with the wrong comb. Silkies are good about cleaning their own feet feathers, as they are with the rest of their feathers, but if you keep them in a muddy pen they may have a hard time staying dry. RED SILKIES. I am working on achieving a jet black colouring. There aren’t many dissimilarities between the genders, and you usually won’t’ be able to tell them apart until the silkie hens start laying eggs or the roosters start crowing. many breeds have been intermixed with Silkies to provide offspring that have Most people who have paints for the first time will breed a paint to a true dark black silkie. A female with barring is represented as (B, _).A female without barring is represented as (b+, _). The naked neck is acquired by breeding a turken to a silkie. This will result in blacks that are split to paint. Although Silkie chickens differs greatly from other popular breeds, making it one of the less common breeds you can raise, it is a one-of-a-kind option that every homesteader should consider for their backyard flock. This chicken breed is a stand-out in the chicken world. White, Black, Partridge, Buff, Grey and Blue are the most popular colors of Silkie chicken recognized for competitive showing. Most Silkies available for purchase or hatching in North America are bantam Silkies. In Australia, silkies tend to be c/c, or recessive white. There are 10 colours available but not all are recognised and can be shown. This section will help you understand what kind of yields you should expect to see from Silkie chickens. They prefer perches that are low and close to the ground so that it is easier for them to hop up without injuring themselves. It is a sex-indicating trait. Since blue is made up of 2 colour genes – black (BB) and splash (bb), the laws of probability say we have 4 different possibilities when … They are also bred in most all colors of Silkies. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. In addition to those concerns, these are some It is unknown from where (or when), exactly, these breeds originated, but the most well-documented potential origin is ancient China. It may be tempting to move your Silkie chicks to an outdoor pen sooner since they are covered in such dense feathers, but you really need to wait to make sure they have enough feathers to handle colder temperatures. Silkies should b kept in the new box for about 6 weeks. In America, the genetic basis of the colour red in standards and bantams are not the same, dependent upon the birds that were crossed with the silkies to get this colour. Silkies are different from every other breed of chicken, which is what makes them so attractive to the average chicken owner. In fact, although many breeders have selectively bred this broodiness out of other chicken breeds in order to maximize egg production, Silkies have been raised exclusively for this characteristic. It is even believed to strengthen the muscles and bolster the immune system. As an Amazon affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases. A popular trade item on the Silk Road, the geography of the Silkie chicken lends itself naturally to the name of this breed. This is likely due to the fact that Silkies reach mature laying age a little later than most breeds. Silkies tend to be fairly compact with short, squat legs and rounded bodies. While Leghorns can start laying at around 16 weeks of age, for example, you’ll be lucky to see an egg from a Silkie that’s 28 weeks old. These bizarre-looking chicken breed is believed to have come from Asia. 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