“While those figures may appear low, they represent around 5,000 15 year old boys across Australia who required medical attention as a result of concussion in a single 12-month period. Learn more about how the AIHW is assisting the COVID-19 response and how our other work is affected. Even more concerning, is three quarters of these people are under 65 years of age, and two thirds acquired their brain injury before 25 years of age. It is a common sporting injury, particularly in body contact sports (e.g. Most concussions resolve within a few days to weeks, but in some cases the symptoms can be prolonged.5-7 The estimated incidence of concussion varies between countries, but US census data suggest about 600 cases per 100 000 population.3 In 2004–05, of the 22 710 Australia-wide hospital separations coded as TBI using the International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision, Australian … The team at the UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program is available to assess, manage, and treat concussions in athletes and nonathletes of all ages. Dizziness, trouble walking, and even vision issues can happen with just one mild concussion. Now, some of the earliest data available is adding further weight to a theory that, until now, has only been cautiously discussed: that concussion affects women differently to men. This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced. Concussion is difficult to diagnose and only medical doctors can definitively diagnose a concussion. "What we have seen from the data collected for the last two or three years, our female players seem to be converting head injuries to concussions more readily," said Kountouris. "Women do have a higher rate of migraine and that can really affect the brain in lots of different ways.". To inform the continuing debate, updated information about the risk of injury for participants, and suitable means of modifying or preventing these risks, need to be identified. 0000005746 00000 n Refugee Farhad Bandesh says freedom is a gift 'I'll never forget', How a Melbourne mathematician's COVID boredom led to cracking one of the Zodiac Killer's 50-year-old ciphers, US health regulators approve Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use, The US is about to launch the biggest vaccination program in its history. Even the recently noted incidence rate of 6.0 concussions per 1000 player hours [ 4. "Early data is also suggesting a discrepancy between how long female concussion symptoms persist, as opposed to male concussion.". 0000006471 00000 n 0000005094 00000 n It has been implemented in workers’ compensation-based collections administered by state, territory and Australian government agencies … 0000023775 00000 n Next year, Cricket Australia is hoping to sell out the Melbourne Cricket Ground for the final of the ICC women's T20 World Cup. "If they've had multiple concussions, we know that could be more severe for a patient and it can greatly impact their work, their relationships and their whole social functioning.". However, AIHW hospitalisation data paints an important picture. Ms McCloy acknowledged a number of factors could be at play in these results. Objectives: Concerns about the significant injury risks in boxers have been well documented. It came amid speculation around the potential link between concussion and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), which has been known to lead to dementia and behavioural problems. 4 One in five children will experience a concussion by the age of 10 years. Injury is a major contributor to mortality, morbidity and permanent disability in Australia. "It is kind of like a slow deterioration of your mental state towards the end concussion, where you are left with the longer-lasting symptoms.". "Even if they don't say it, I feel like there's an implied pressure," Prior said. Brain injuries are common in Australia. Tickets were free. Rowena Mobbs, a neurologist with the Australian Sports Brain Bank at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (in partnership with the University of Sydney), said female concussion is a complex issue that needs more research. In 2017-18, 4.3% of males who worked in the last 12 months experienced a work-related injury or illness, down from 4.9% in 2013-14. Cricket Australia's (CA) manager of sports medicine Alex Kountouris said he's also seen similar gender-specific trends. CA is continually evolving its concussion management policy, which is currently in place from grassroots to the elite level. Traumatic brain injury is one of the most common causes of neurological morbidity, and is more common in childhood and adolescence than at any other time of life. WHERE TO GET HELP. "It is a very intriguing question as to why women are appearing to show a higher rate of concussion, a higher risk for it and a more prolonged recovery," Dr Mobbs said. In February 2019, the Australian Institute of Sport released an updated set of concussion guidelines to improve player safety and address rising concerns in the community. 0000004364 00000 n Most injuries requiring hospitalisation are the result of falls and transport accidents, while most deaths from injuries occur as a result of falls and suicide. 0000002742 00000 n Concussions are being taken more seriously today than ever before and for a good reason. 0000002325 00000 n "On average, women take one to two days longer to recover from sports-related concussion," she said. Earlier this year, Canberra United defender Natasha Prior made the decision to retire from soccer at the age of 21 after suffering her fifth concussion in less than six years. "There is data emerging to suggest that in gender-similar sports, females show twice the incidence of concussion as males," said Jen McCloy, the co-founder of SidelinesDr, which manages Australia's first centralised database for concussion statistics. 0000000016 00000 n 0000238029 00000 n The Concussion Recognition Tool (CRT5), developed by the Concussion in Sport Group to help those without medical training detect concussion, includes a list of these symptoms11,12. The 11 facts you want are below, and the sources for the facts are at the very bottom of the page. "There is not one solution for every concussion," she said. 2231 34 Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. To avoid repeat injury, it's crucial to manage concussions until complete recovery. The injury is so common in the latter that several medical groups have called for a ban on the sport, including the American Academy of Neurology, the World Medical Association, and the medical associations of the UK, the U.S., Australia, and Canada. "We need to look closely at the football codes, but also jockeys and the classic boxers, who of course have quite a number of concussions through their career very typically," she said, "The sports are all very different, in a way, although they might have contact as a shared feature.". Violently shaking the head and upper body also can cause concussions.Some concussions cause you to lose consciousness, but most do not. "I didn't really want to have dementia at the age of 30," Prior said. Find out how to take action here. Ten years prior, a few thousand turned out to watch England play New Zealand in the decider of the last women's World Cup the country hosted, at North Sydney Oval. Accordingly, the use of the more inclusive concussion definition in this study enables the most robust analysis of concussion incidence to date. 0000022198 00000 n They are a mild form of a traumatic brain injury and they can cause a number of long-term issues for someone who is injured. However, the proportion of females who experienced a work-related injury or illness in the last 12 months increased from 3.6% in 2013-14 to 4.0% in 2017-18 (Tables 1 and 2). Call 412-432-3681 to schedule an appointment with one of our concussion experts. While there are many benefits of the boom spanning sports such as Australian rules, rugby league, rugby union and soccer, more women than ever before are dealing with one of sport's most sensitive subjects: concussion.