On the other, extreme poverty and hunger, triggered by harsh weather, push many to join the armed groups. Yemen, Somalia and Syria are just some of the places where climate change is increasingly regarded as a root cause of violent conflict. It experiences a northeast monsoon from December to February, at which time temperatures in the north become moderate while the south is hot; a southwest monsoon from May to October occurs when the north is extremely hot. If climate change does induce conflict, then indirectly climate change also contributes to forced migration. Take, for instance, the worsening droughts in Somalia, which along with Al-Shabab-related violence are driving thousands of … Somalia is headed into an electoral season that promises to be heated. One million Somaliswere displaced by drought and conflict last year, according to OCHA, the UN office that coordin… His primary academic interest is the foundations of peace and security, especially the processes of building peace after armed conflict. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Somali Sea and Guardafui Channel to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Dr. Florian Krampe (Germany) is a researcher in SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme, specializing in peace and conflict research, environmental and climate security, and international security. Among the many sobering projections of harm to be caused by climate change is this eye-popping statistic: on average, according to economists, a rise in local temperature of half a degree Celsius is associated with a ten to 20 percent increase in the risk of deadly conflict. In other words, the impact of climate change on conflict is context-specific, which is why we believe that marrying the kind of granular, field based political analysis our organisation undertakes with climate expertise could produce the most effective conflict prevention outcomes. Climate-related security risks have far-reaching implications for the way the world manages peace and security. The humanitarian crisis in Somalia is one of the most complex in the world. In a recent study by Marcus King of George Washington University, United States, discusses how Somalia has been especially prone to this nexus of climate, conflict and water weaponization (Epicenters of Climate and Security, June 2017). In the Lake Chad region, climate change and conflict exacerbate each other. Climate security is a concept that summons the idea that climate-related change amplifies existing risks in society that endangers the security of humans, ecosystems, economy, infrastructure and societies. … It is wrong to blame climate change for famine and conflict. As is too often the case, our experience tells us that low-income countries will be the worst affected, … Intensifying climate change will increase the future risk of violent armed conflict within countries, according to a study published today in the journal Nature. The paper—a collaboration between 11 experts from political science, economics, environmental science, peace studies and other diverse disciplines—marks a newfound consensus in a field where researchers have debated fiercely about whether and how much climate change drives war. The interplay between climate, conflict, poverty and persecution greatly increases the complexity of refugee emergencies. But climate change and deforestation appear to be nudging the region into more frequent and worse droughts (Dr. Cheikh Mbow of START International did a great job of explaining the science at our event). Climate change poses serious challenges to current and future peacebuilding efforts and can amplify conflicts, according to a report on years of devastating violence and drought in Somalia released Wednesday. Funk and his team of researchers came to their conclusions about East African weather patterns after studying the weather in the region for about a decade. If not carefully managed, politicking could spiral into violence. There's just not much margin in Somalia to absorb that kind of change, and 2016 was an especially bad year, with both seasonal rains failing. The last Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment in 2014 was relatively muted about whether climate change would contribute to a rise in conflict… Climate plays a key role for Somalia’s economy and livelihoods as its economy is predominated by agricultural activities. But even as the scale of violence-related displacement has dipped in recent years, the impact of food shortages as a result of climate-related shocks – from drought to floods – means the level of disaster-affected displacementhas risen steeply over the same period. The downward spiral of conflict and famine in Somalia is due to the absence of good governance, not climate change. On one hand, indiscriminate and continuous violence prevents people from adapting to new climate conditions. … [A]l-Shabaab takes advantage of the hunger and desperation caused by drought. Hundreds of swarms have hatched in the sandy soil of Yemen and Somalia… His primary academic interest is the foundations of peace and security, especially the processes of building peace after armed conflict. This policy paper offers a glimpse into the future of peacebuilding in the time of climate change by providing an in-depth assessment of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM). Climate change feeds armed conflict in Somalia by exacerbating tensions between clans; boosting the ranks and role of terrorist groups, including al-Shabaab; and increasing migratory flows. Historical climate data indicates that 2017 is the fourth consecutive year of below-average harvests for the Somali agriculture sector. The link between climate change and conflict is still poorly understood. In 2007, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon described the conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region as the world’s first climate change conflict. UNDP is at the forefront to help the people of Somalia to recover from years of conflict, while setting the country on the path to sustainable development. Somalia’s current climate is hot and dry, with uneven rainfall and regular droughts (USDS, 2010). This week, researchers Marshall B. Burke and his colleague… In this way, climate worsens the conflict by giving al-Shabaab more manpower. Advocacy/Communications Consultancy about Climate Change and Environment, Food and Nutrition and Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding, requiring 5-9 years of experience, from Concern; closing on 20 Nov 2020 Climate-related security risks are transforming the security landscape in which multilateral peacebuilding efforts take place. Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa which officially consists of six federal member states, namely Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubaland, South West, Puntland, Somaliland and the municipality of Benadir. Indeed, recent media headlines, especially those on Europe’s refugee crisis, often cite climate change-induced conflict in the Middle East and Africa as a major driver of the surge of migrants to Europe in the past couple of years. The kinds of conflicts I refer to come in two broad categories. In recent years, Somalia has experienced changes in weather and climate that are affecting the country’s economic and social development. Some have pointed to conflicts in Syria and Darfur (Sudan) as quintessential “climate wars” sparked by drought-ravaged migrants moving i… He wrote in The Conversation in 2017: “Conflict in Somalia has deep political roots that go back decades. His thinking reflects findings to date that the incidence of conflict is likely to be higher in years of lower precipitation. In 2011, Somalia was hit by regional droughts that have been linked to climate change. Climate for conflict: Fighting to survive in Somalia plagued by drought More The GroundTruth Project, in collaboration with ABC News, takes an in-depth look at the human toll of climate change … Dr Florian Krampe is a Senior Researcher in SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme, specializing in peace and conflict research, environmental and climate security, and international security. If accurate, that means the likelihood of such strife is swiftly rising. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. It is wrong to blame climate change for famine and conflict. Climate change is hampering peacebuilding in Somalia as droughts and floods strengthen the hand of militants and weaken the power of government, a report said on Wednesday. In this way, climate worsens the conflict by giving al-Shabaab more manpower. 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